State Facts

Below, you will find various facts about the State of Florida, including ones in these categories:

Geographical Facts
Government Facts
State Symbols

  
Geographical Facts

  • Total area: 58,560 square miles
  • Total land area: 54,136 square miles
  • Total water area: 4,424 square miles
  • Rank among states in total area: 22nd
  • Length north and south: 447 miles (St. Marys River to Key West)
  • Width east and west: 361 miles (Atlantic Ocean to Perdido River)
  • Distance from Pensacola to Key West: 792 miles (by road)
  • Highest natural point: 345 feet (Britton Hill)
  • Geographic center: 12 miles northwest of Brooksville, Hernando County
  • Coastline: 1,197 statute miles
  • Tidal shoreline (general): 2,276 statute miles
  • Beaches: 663 miles
  • Longest river: St. Johns, 273 miles
  • Largest lake: Lake Okeechobee, 700 square miles
  • Largest county: Palm Beach, 2,578 square miles
  • Smallest county: Union, 245 square miles
  • Number of first-magnitude springs: 33

  
Government Facts

  • Capitol: Tallahassee (established 1823)
  • Executive: Governor and Cabinet consisting of Attorney General, Chief Financial Officer and Commissioner of Agriculture
  • Legislature: 120 House districts, 40 Senate districts
  • Judicial: Florida Supreme Court, district courts of appeal, circuit courts and county courts
  • Congressional districts: 27
  • Counties: 67

Executive Branch

  • Governor: Rick Scott (R)
  • Lt. Governor: Carlos Lopez-Cantera (R)
  • Attorney General: Pam Bondi (R)
  • Chief Financial Officer: Jimmy Patronis (R)
  • Commission of Agriculture: Adam Putnum (R)

Florida Supreme Court

  • Chief Justice: Jorge Labarga
  • Associate Justices: 
    • Barbara J. Pariente
    • R. Fred Lewis
    • Peggy A. Quince
    • Charles T. Canady
    • Ricky Polston
    • C. Alan Lawson

Legislative Leaders

  • House Speaker: Richard Corcoran (R)
  • Senate President: Joe Negron (R)

 

  
State Symbols

Miscellaneous

  • Flag: A red saltire (diagonal cross) on a white background with the seal of Florida superimposed on the center (1900/1985)*
  • Motto: "In God We Trust" (2006)
  • Nickname: Sunshine State (1970)
  • Seal: Seal of Florida (1868/1985)**
  • Song: "Old Folks at Home" (1935)
  • Anthem: "Florida, Where the Sawgrass Meets the Sky" (2008)
  • Welcome song: "Florida" (1985)
  • State Day: April 2 (1953)

*The basic design was adopted in 1900. The flag was updated in 1985, when the state seal was changed. Before 1900, it was a white flag with the state seal in the center.

**In 1868, the Florida Legislature adopted the Seal of Florida, but over the years, several changes have been made to the seal. However, the basic design has been maintained. The last revision took place in 1985.

Flora

  • Flower: Orange blossom (1909)
  • Tree: Sabal palm (1953)
  • Wildflower: Coreopsis (1991)

Fauna

  • Animal: Florida panther (1982)
  • Bird: Northern mockingbird (1927)
  • Butterfly: Zebra longwing (1996)
  • Fish (fresh water): Florida largemouth bass (1975)
  • Fish (saltwater): Atlantic sailfish (1975)
  • Heritage horse: Florida Cracker horse (2008)
  • Mammal (marine): Florida manatee (1975)
  • Mammal (saltwater): Porpoise (dolphin) (1975)
  • Reptile: American alligator (1987)
  • Reptile (saltwater): Loggerhead turtle (2008)
  • Shell: Horse conch (1969)
  • Tortoise: Gopher tortoise (2008)

Geology

  • Fossil: Eocene heart urchin (2006)
  • Gem: Moonstone (1970)
  • Mineral: Calcite (2006)
  • Rock: Ocala limestone (2006)
  • Soil: Myakka fine sand (1989)
  • Stone: Agatized coral (1979)

Food & Beverages

  • Beverage: Orange juice (1967)
  • Fruit: Orange (2005)
  • Honey: Tupelo (2016)
  • Pie: Key lime pie (2006)

Events

  • Air fair: The Central Florida Air Fair (1976)
  • Festival: Calle Ocho-Open House 8 (1980)
  • Fiddle contest: The fiddle contest held annually by the Florida State Fiddlers Association in cooperation with the Department of State at the Stephen Foster State Folk Culture Center (1989)
  • Renaissance festival: The Italian Renaissance Festival at Vizcaya (1994)
  • Rodeo: Silver Spurs Rodeo (1994)

Culture

  • Art museum: John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art in Sarasota (1980)
  • American folk dance: Square dance (1986)
  • Band: The St. Johns River City Band (1990)
  • Citrus archive: The Florida Citrus Archives (2001)
  • Litter control symbol: "Glenn Glitter" (1978)
  • Maritime museum: The Admiral John H. Fetterman State of Florida Maritime Museum and Research Center (2006)
  • Moving image center and archive: The Louis Wolfson II Media History Center, Inc. (1989)
  • Opera program: The Greater Miami Opera Association; the Orlando Opera Company, Incorporated; and the Florida State University School of Music (1983)
  • Pageant: Indian River Pageant (1979)
  • Play: Cross and Sword (1973)
  • Poetry Day: May 25 (1947)
  • Railroad museums: The Orange Blossom Special Railroad Museum in West Palm Beach, the Gold Coast Railroad Museum in Miami and the Florida Gulf Coast Railroad Museum in Tampa (1984)
  • Sports hall of fame: The Florida Sports Hall of Fame in Auburndale (1988)
  • Theaters: The Asolo Theature in Sarasota, the Hippodrome Theatre in Gainesville and Caldwell Theatre Company in Boca Raton (1965/1981/1986)
  • Transportation museum: The Florida Museum of Transportation and History in Fernandina Beach (1985)

   

Capitol Hours & Tours

400 South Monroe Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32399

The Capitol is open to the public on weekdays from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM. It is closed on weekends and holidays.

For inquiries about tours of the Capitol please call (850) 488-6167
  

Touring the Capitol